martedì 31 marzo 2015
post nella sezione 2 - Pubblicazioni
BESECURE: XLAW Best Practice Enhancers for Security in Urban Regions
The BESECURE project aimed to improve the way policy makers use knowledge, experiences and data in their decision-making process in urban security. In this project, we developed novel tools that emphasize knowledge sharing and evidence-based policy design, and that are grounded in an extensive review of urban security practices from across Europe. Through case studies in eight urban areas across Europe, we amassed a wide compendium of interesting practices. Based on our case
study work and further exploration, we established a robust information structure to capture the essential dimensions of urban security practices and make them transferrable. Furthermore, we built up methods to analyse, compare and share best practices, and built a support platform that brings these innovations together in an integrated manner that provides a new level of support to policy makers.
From our work in the case study areas, we have learned a number of essential lessons concerning best practice sharing. Foremost, we have come to understand that best practices need to be portrayed on three elemental dimensions: the context from where the practice originated, the issues that the practice was designed to counter, and the details of the practice itself.
The BESECURE project ends with a myriad of valuable materials. We have built up a large compendium of practices from our case study areas. These practices give an inspiring insight into the different approaches to urban security issues across Europe, and show how valuable it is to gather
such experiences. Furthermore, we captured these practices using a practical information structure.
In discussions with partners, we have found that this structure is regarded as a powerful asset. It stimulates practice-owners to give details about their approaches that they might not consider to be relevant but are indispensable for further evaluation and sharing. Moreover, there are many interesting applications of our best practices template and its underlying information structure in alternative domains. For example, with minor modification, our structure could be used to capture best practices on disaster resilience enhancement, community engagement strategies, urban sustainability effort and facilitate best practice sharing in those domains.
In various lines of activity throughout the project, we built up supportive instruments for policy makers and advisory teams. The ‘BESECURE platform’ is our most noticeable output, but its foundation is provided by many project elements that each deserve attention. For example, a
‘comparative method’ that provides a practical way to contrast best practices, the ‘urban typing methodology’ proposes a pragmatic approach to classification of urban area for use in policy design efforts, our risk management methodology IDAS (‘Issues and Decisions: Analysis and Support’), and our analytical views on urban security enhancements, common urban data framework, work on early warning facilities and trend prediction and so on.
The project also gathered a wide view on the state of urban security research across Europe. We identified many EU-funded research projects in urban security, and learnt of many national innovation programmes. We are in touch with a multitude of stakeholder networks in many
branches of the urban security domain. For every focal point, there are communities to connect to, projects to become acquainted with and practices to be learnt. But rather than to become frustrated with the fragmented state of urban security research and development in Europe, we have come to appreciate the diversity and welcome the opportunities for innovation across organisational, social and thematic boundaries in the urban domain. Safeguarding urban security is not a challenge that can be solved by one party or via one agenda. The degree of urban security is impacted by the interaction of many actors and factors. Any endeavour to improve should originate from the collaboration of practitioners and scholars from a sufficiently broad range of disciplines and should
be evidence-based in nature – a message that we hope we can pass along to those seeking for information, inspiration and innovation in urban security policy making, together with the many valuable outputs of the BESECURE project.
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